April 11 – “Napoleon Bonaparte Banished “

On this day in 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France and one of the greatest military leaders in history, abdicates the throne, and, in the Treaty of Fontainebleau, is banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba.

coronation-of-napoleon-bonaparte-emperor-of-france

In 1812, thinking that Russia was plotting an alliance with England, Napoleon launched an invasion against the Russians that eventually ended with his troops retreating from Moscow and much of Europe uniting against him. In 1814, Napoleon’s broken forces gave up and Napoleon offered to step down in favor of his son. When this offer was rejected, he abdicated and was sent to Elba. In March 1815, he escaped his island exile and returned to Paris, where he regained supporters and reclaimed his emperor title, Napoleon I, in a period known as the Hundred Days. However, in June 1815, he was defeated at the bloody Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon’s defeat ultimately signaled the end of France’s domination of Europe. He abdicated for a second time and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, in the southern Atlantic Ocean, where he lived out the rest of his days. He died at age 52 on May 5, 1821, possibly from stomach cancer, although some theories contend he was poisoned.

Bits From Past
AMERICAN REVOLUTION YEAR
Moravian missionary David Zeisberger is born 1721
AUTOMOTIVE
Henry Ford marries 1888
CIVIL WAR
Confederates surrender Fort Pulaski 1862
COLD WAR
Truman relieves MacArthur of duties in Korea 1951
CRIME
A War is narrowly averted 1870
DISASTER
Last survivors of ferry accident rescued 1968
GENERAL INTEREST
Apollo 13 launched to moon 1970
Idi Amin overthrown 1979
HOLLYWOOD
Cher wins Best Actress Oscar for Moonstruck 1988
LITERARY
Dorothy Parker resigns as drama critic for The New Yorker 1931
MUSIC
Bob Dylan plays his first major gig in New York City 1961
OLD WEST
Talleyrand offers to sell Louisiana 1803
PRESIDENTIAL
President Carter hosts White House Easter egg roll 1977
SPORTS
Phil Mickelson wins first major at Masters 2004
VIETNAM WAR
Troops from Hawaii sent to South Vietnam 1963
B-52s strike North Vietnamese positions 1972
WORLD WAR I
International Labor Organization founded 1919
WORLD WAR II
The U.S. army liberates Buchenwald concentration camp 1945

 

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2 thoughts on “April 11 – “Napoleon Bonaparte Banished “

  1. Pingback: Roger Mickelson’s History For 4/20/13 | Sandia Tea Party

  2. Pingback: The Day Louisiana Was Sold To The U.S. | Bite Size Canada

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