April 12, ” 1861: The Civil War begins “

The bloodiest four years in American history begin when Confederate shore batteries under General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. On April 13, U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. Two days later, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to quell the Southern “insurrection.”


In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith’s surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history.

Golden bits
AMERICAN REVOLUTION : British repeal hated Townshend Act  1770
AUTOMOTIVE: Founder of classic British sports car company is born  1888
CIVIL WAR: Fort Sumter fired upon 1861
COLD WAR: President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies  1945
CRIME: Galileo is convicted of heresy  1633
DISASTER: Fire threatens Massachusetts oil refineries  1908
GENERAL INTEREST: The Fort Pillow Massacre  1864
                                 President Roosevelt dies  1945
                                 First man in space  1961
                                 First launching of the space shuttle  1981
HOLLYWOOD : First movie “palace” opens  1914
LITERARY : Legal thriller writer Scott Turow is born  1949
MUSIC : Bill Haley and the Comets record “Rock Around The Clock”  1954
OLD WEST : First gentile governor arrives in Utah  1858
SPORTS : Lawrence Taylor drafted by NY Giants  1981
VIETNAM WAR : Rostow recommends escalation of effort  1961
                        U.S. Embassy in Cambodia evacuated 1975
WORLD WAR I : Canadians capture Vimy Ridge  1917
WORLD WAR II : Roosevelt dies  1945

Hope you found it interesting !!!


One thought on “April 12, ” 1861: The Civil War begins “

  1. Pingback: Is a second civil war imminent? | Jesse Talks Back

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